NSSF is the trade association for America's firearms industry.
Our mission: To promote, protect and preserve hunting and the shooting sports.
NSSF is the trade association for America's firearms industry.
Our mission: To promote, protect and preserve hunting and the shooting sports.
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Bullet Serialization

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Fact Sheet

In General | Concerns | Law Enforcement | Military | The Science Behind It


Bullet Serialization in General

• Bullet Serialization is the process by which each individual round of ammunition is identified and marked with a laser engraved serial number.


Concerns About Bullet Serialization

• Bullet serialization is a de facto ban on ammunition

• Manufacturers of ammunition cannot serialize ammo as it would force a slowdown in the production process -- the likes of which would turn one day's worth of production into a nearly four-week effort.

• This massive reduction in ammunition would translate into substantially lower sales and profitability and ultimately force major ammunition manufacturers to abandon the market. In turn, there would be a severe shortage of serialized ammunition and all consumers, including federal, state and local law enforcement agencies, would be faced with substantial price increases.

• Ammunition will go from costing pennies to several dollars per cartridge.

• Ammunition manufacturers could not serialize their product without hundreds of millions of dollars in capital investment to build the new factories that would be needed in order to meet the requirements of bullet serialization. At the same time hundreds of millions of dollars of existing plants and equipment, and decades of manufacturing (cost-saving) efficiencies, would be rendered obsolete.


Bullet Serialization and Law Enforcement

• Reducing the availability and affordability of training ammunition would result in degrading marksmanship.

• The technical evolution of law enforcement pistol ammunition has progressed exponentially over the past 15 years. For example, SAAMI-member ammunition producers developed bullet-bonding technology to provide law enforcement with products that offer enhanced performance through barriers such as auto glass, steel, and wallboard. Law enforcement would be forced to use lesser quality ammunition, putting officers at risk.

• As manufacturers use the same machines and manufacturing processes to make all ammunition, whether it is for the civilian, law enforcement or military markets, it would be impossible, as some contend, to merely exempt law-enforcement.

• Bullet serialization legislation failed in California after numerous law-enforcement groups, including the California Police Chiefs' Association, the California Peace Officers' Association, the Association of Los Angeles Deputy Sheriffs and the Los Angeles Police Protective League urged lawmakers to vote it down.

• James J. Fotis, Executive Director of the Law Enforcement Alliance of America, went so far as to say, "If passed, this legislation will certainly play out like a horror flick on public safety and law enforcement in California."


Bullet Serialization and the Military

• Congressman Duncan Hunter, then Chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, expressed such concerns in his April 25, 2005 letter to Governor Schwarzenegger describing bullet serialization as "troubling." The congressman wrote, " . . . I am strongly opposed to this proposal because of the harmful impact it will have on the manufacturers of ammunition used by our nation's armed services and law enforcement agencies."


The Science Behind Bullet Serialization

• There have been no independent, peer-reviewed studies by qualified forensic scientists.

• The technology has not been the subject of any articles in the journal of the Association of Firearm and Toolmark Examiners (AFTE), the relevant professional society.

• No independent studies have been done to determine the safety implications of using high speed laser engravers in the presence of the ammunition components, i.e. primers, propellants, etc. For instance, flash photography is not permitted inside factories because of gunpowder ignition concerns.

• Most bullets (especially hunting cartridges) are mangled beyond recognition on impact, which, in most cases, would obliterate the "serial number."

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